Gruber 69 Ain Anzaigung wie D. Martinus Luther zü Worms auff dem Reichs tag eingefaren durch K. M. In aygner person verhört vnd mit jm darauff gehandelt. Augsburg: Melchior Ramminger, 1521. (The Diet of Worms). Benzing 931; WA 7.883-4; Luther's Works 32:105-130 (this translation is based on WA 7.814-857). Click to enlarge thumbnail.
Luther was summoned before the imperial diet in April, 1521, not for a defense but for an opportunity to recant. He firmly refused. Many accounts of the episode were quickly published, among them this very rare anonymous tract: An Account of How Dr. Martin Luther Was Brought by His Imperial Majesty to the Diet at Worms. How He was Heard in Person, and How He was Treated There. In conclusion he spoke the words, "God help me."
Gruber 77 Passional Christi vnd Antichristi. Wittenberg: Johann Rhau-Grunenberg, 1521. (The Passion Book of Christ and Antichrist). Aland 555; Benzing 1014; WA 9.677-715. The pictures are published in an appendix to WA 9. This booklet came out in the spring of 1521, with woodcuts by Cranach. One of the woodcuts shows Christ washing his disciples' feet whereas the pope requires kings to kiss his feet. Click to enlarge thumbnail.
Comment by Edgar Krentz: "Martin Luther was directly involved in determining the content of a series of woodcuts that appeared in the Passional Christi et Antichristi in 1521, one of the most outspoken pamphlets of the Reformation. The print entitled The Measuring of the Temple includes a monster wearing the Papal Tiara. Another presents the figure of Christ on one side driving the money changers from the temple and on the other a figure of the Pope selling indulgences."
The Passional was published in Erfurt in 1521. Erfurt was where Luther entered the Augustinian monastery. It was also where he was ordained a priest in the Cathedral.
Cook¹s article contains numerous illustrations of Cranach's art and relates it to Luther¹s words. Cook was Professor of Religion and Arts at Yale University.
John W. Cook, "Picturing Theology: Martin Luther and Lucas Cranach," Art and Religion: Faith, Form and Reform, 1984 Paine Lectures in Religion, University of Missouri at Columbia. Edited by Osmund Overby. Columbia: University of Missouri, 1986: 22-39.
Gruber 86 Antwort Doctoris Martini Luthers vor K.M. vnd Fursten des Reichs auff ansuchug der bücher undter seinem name auszgangen so er gefordert auf den Reichstag gen Wormbs. MDXXI. Erfurt: Matthes Maler, 1521. Benzing 913. WA 7. 858-859. Cf. Verhandlungen mit D. Martin Luther auf dem Reichstage zu Worms 1521. WA 7.814-857. Luther's Works 32.101-131. Luther at the Diet of Worms. Click to enlarge thumbnail.
Gruber 30 Das Allte Testament deutsch M. Luther. Vvittemberg, n.d., but 1523. This book contained Luther's translation of the Pentateuch. There are eleven woodcuts, and six of these are pictures of the exterior or interior of the tabernacle. The other five: the high priest in vestments; the flood; the sacrifice of Isaac; Jacob's dream; and Joseph interpreting Pharaoh's dream. These woodcuts are colored in the Gruber copy.
The Gruber Collection was assembled by L. Franklin Gruber, President of Chicago Lutheran Theological Seminary, Maywood, Illinois.
Annotation prepared by Ralph W Klein